Batik Crash course.


On our platform, there are many products that are manufactured out of batik, making customers ask us repeatedly what Batik is. Batik is an ancient but still modern form of dying textiles. Here is a mini-crash course  to feed your curiosity.

‘Mbatik’ is Javanese and it means to write with Wax. Claimed to have been originally invented on the Indonesian island of Java, this traditional dyeing technique has conquered the globe and is now an integral part of the fashion world.

Picture from

Picture from

The batik technique is an old textile dyeing process, in which patterns are hand-made using special tools to draw out liquid wax on textiles. When the wax is cold, the fabric is dipped into a color vault. The wax-covered area remains unaffected by the dye and retains their original color. The process is repeated by the batik artist often as needed, and always in different color baths, making sure that the lighter color tones are dyed first.

After the dye-bathing process is completed, the wax is removed, giving the textile a beautiful pattern.  This basic technique is the same all over the world, even if the names of the tools, the techniques and the way of wearing the batik materials may differs.

The Dutch came to Nigeria

In the middle of the 19th century, Dutch traders who visited Nigeria back then, brought along with them the batik technique from India. Arriving at the coast of Lagos, where the Yoruba  are situated, the indigens quickly adopted the technique to their own, blending the batik technique with their traditional dyeing methods. Now you do not only have the classic batik wax druck techniques, you also have the Yorubas tie and dye techniques, where certain parts of the fabric is tied and deepened into dye to give random but unique patterns.
Indigo colors serve as colorants and instead of synthetic wax, manioc bushes are used, which makes the Yoruba indigo batik process, popularised by the award winning artist Nike, an organic dying process without artificial chemicals. Do you want to wear batik? No problem, on HubCouture you will find so much 🙂 Follow me on Insatgram @joadreapp and I look forward to hearing from you. 

Cheers, Joana

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Auf HubCouture gibt es viele Produkte, die mit Batiktechnik hergestellt werden. Nachdem wir immer wieder gefragt werden, was Batik eigentlich ist, haben wir euch – damit das auch endlich mal für alle Neugierigen geklärt wird – einen Mini-Crashkurs in Sachen Batik zusammengestellt.

‚Mbatik’ ist javanisch und bedeutet mit Wachs schreiben. Vermutlich ursprünglich auf der indonesischen Insel Java erfunden, hat die traditionelle Färbetechnik für Textilen fast den ganzen Globus erobert und ist heute aus der Modewelt einfach nicht mehr wegzudenken. Die Batiktechnik ist eine uralte Tradition, aber trotzdem immer noch modern. Doch was ist eigentlich das Besondere an Batik?

Foto >

Foto >

Die Batiktechnik ist ein altes Textilfärbeverfahren, bei dem Muster und Verzierungen in Handarbeit mit flüssigem Wachs mit speziellen Werkzeugen auf Textilien aufgezeichnet werden. Ist das Wachs erkaltet, wird der Stoff in einen Farbbottich getunkt. Beim eigentlichen Färben des Stoffes bleiben die abgedeckten Muster vom Farbstoff also unberührt und behalten ihre ursprüngliche Farbe bei. Diesen Vorgang wiederholt der Batikkünstler so oft, und zwar immer wieder in verschiedenen Farbbädern, bis er die gewünschte Musterung erzielt hat.

Diese Grundtechnik ist überall auf der Welt gleich, auch wenn sich die Benennungen der Werkzeuge, die traditionellen Muster und Verzierungen und die Art des Tragens der Batikstoffe oft unterscheiden.

So hat sich in Nigeria ebenso eine eigene Art des Batiks entwickelt. Mitte des 19. Jahrhunderts haben holländische Händler über Indien kommend die Batiktechnik importiert; und anfangs haben vor allem die Yoruba sich die Technik zu eigen gemacht und die Batiktechnik mit ihren traditionellen Färbemethoden vermischt. Indigofarben dienen als Färbemittel und statt herkömmliches Wachs werden Manioksträucher zur Musterung der Stoffe verwendet. Lust bekom

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